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Open Access Research article

Mid-term results and factors affecting outcome of a metal-backed unicompartmental knee design: a case series

Thorsten M Seyler1, Michael A Mont2*, Lawrence P Lai3, Jipan Xie3, David R Marker2, Michael G Zywiel2 and Peter M Bonutti4

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 27104, USA

2 Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopaedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, 21215, USA

3 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 08903, USA

4 Bonutti Clinic, Effingham, Illinois, 62401, USA

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Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2009, 4:39  doi:10.1186/1749-799X-4-39

Published: 26 October 2009

Abstract

Background

Controversies exist regarding the indications for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. The objective of this study is to report the mid-term results and examine predictors of failure in a metal-backed unicompartmental knee arthroplasty design.

Methods

At a mean follow-up of 60 months, 80 medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (68 patients) were evaluated. Implant survivorship was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier method. The Knee Society objective and functional scores and radiographic characteristics were compared before surgery and at final follow-up. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to examine the association of patient's age, gender, obesity (body mass index > 30 kg/m2), diagnosis, Knee Society scores and patella arthrosis with failure.

Results

There were 9 failures during the follow up. The mean Knee Society objective and functional scores were respectively 49 and 48 points preoperatively and 95 and 92 points postoperatively. The survival rate was 92% at 5 years and 84% at 10 years. The mean age was younger in the failure group than the non-failure group (p < 0.01). However, none of the factors assessed was independently associated with failure based on the results from the Cox proportional hazard model.

Conclusion

Gender, pre-operative diagnosis, preoperative objective and functional scores and patellar osteophytes were not independent predictors of failure of unicompartmental knee implants, although high body mass index trended toward significance. The findings suggest that the standard criteria for UKA may be expanded without compromising the outcomes, although caution may be warranted in patients with very high body mass index pending additional data to confirm our results.

Level of Evidence: IV